首页 > 珍宝频道 > 学汉语 > 魏晋南北朝俑群 Group Figurines of the Wei-Jin-Southern-Northern Dynasties Period

魏晋南北朝俑群 Group Figurines of the Wei-Jin-Southern-Northern Dynasties Period

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年03月10日 07:55 网络孔子学院

字号:

公元 3-6世纪 中国 进入战争 分裂的三国 两晋南北朝 时期 ,此时的陶俑 塑制工艺 造型 组合有了全新的变化 。从西晋 (265-317)墓葬 来看,随葬 俑群主要由四部分组成,第一组为低头昂角的牛形镇墓兽与身披铠甲的镇墓武士俑,主要为了镇墓驱邪;第二组为牛车和鞍马,是墓主在冥间 出行的车骑;第三组为男女侍仆,供死者在冥间役使 ;第四组包括庖厨用的明器,诸如井、灶、磨等,以及供役使和墓主食用的家畜、家禽。


听读练习Listening and Reading
音频下载 Download

From the third century AD to the sixth, Chinawas first divided, then reunified and then divided again. The country was first divided into three kingdoms that kept fighting one another, until the Wei overturned the other two and made itself the Wei Dynasty. But, before long, the Wei was replaced by a new dynasty called Jin. After the Jin collapsed, there emerged four dynasties that took control of the areas south of the Yangtze River in succession and five, also in succession, of the areas north of the river, which are collectively known as the "Southern-Northern Dynasties".Huge changes took place during this period in production techniques and artistic styleof pottery figures. Funerary pottery figures unearthed from tombs of the West Jin Dynasty (265-317) fall into four categories. A tomb of this period invariably has, in front of its gate, a bull-like animalwith upright horns and warriors in armor suits supposedly to ward off invasion by evil spirits. Inside the tomb there are ox carts and horses meant for use by the tomb owner in the nether world, along with male and female attendants, as well as kitchen utensils, water wells, grinding mills and domestic animals and poultry.

南北朝时期(420-589),中原地区 出现几个实力较大的军事集团长期割据的局面,导致局部战争连年不断,农村经济遭到极大破坏,百姓生活不得安宁。一些乡绅 氏族 立起高墙壁垒,并建立大批私人武装,四周避乱的农户也甘愿投入其保护之下,庄园经济由此产生并得到发展 发掘 出土 的仪卫俑正是这一时期的产物 。这些陶俑中的战士 和战马皆身着铠甲,还有骑马的军乐队,装备严整,鼓角齐鸣,颇有出行的气势。
Wars were fought one after another between warlords during the period of the Southern-Northern Dynasties (420-589). To protect themselves and the areas under their influence, members of the land gentry often had their plantations rebuilt into castles and set up private armies. That may explain why archeologists have found, in tombs of that period, pottery guards and cavalrymen in neat columns.

  Next Page for Vocabulary